Berlin is the capital of Germany and the largest city in the country, it is also the main center of politics, culture, media and science. Known for its cultural richness, Berlin is home to the world-famous Berlin Opera and Philharmonic Orchestra, while its diverse art scene includes hundreds of galleries, events, and museums, including those on Museum Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Despite the destruction it went through during World War II, Berlin today has a lot to offer curious visitors. From beautiful historical monuments, places to shop and good nightlife. That is why it is the right destination for young people, and by going to Berlin with the Balkan Fun arrangement, you will combine getting to know the history of the city and having a great time. Balkan Fun organizes numerous trips for young people, including a trip to Berlin. See all trips here.
Here are the attractions that you must visit in Berlin.
Nothing says Berlin quite like the Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor), the city’s main monument for a long time and its response to the Triumphal Arch in Paris. Built on the model of the Acropolis in Athens and built during the reign of King Friedrich Wilhelm II in 1791. This 26 – meter high monument is the first neoclassical structure of Berlin, it stands out with four horses and carriages at the top, its six large pillars form five passages through which traffic passed (the central part was reserved for the nobility).
The Brandenburg Gate continues to be of symbolic significance, with many celebrities visiting the gate, including Presidents Bill Clinton and Barack Obama . It was also the site of a historic event when German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Lech Walesa passed through the gate in 1999 in memory of the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
The island of the museum
Between the river Spree and Kupfergraben is the island of the museum. A wonderful part of old Berlin to explore. Here you will find many of the oldest and most important museums in the city , including the Old Museum (Altes Museum), built in 1830, which is home to royal jewelry and other royal treasures.
Further development was marked by the construction of a new museum (Neues Museum) in 1855, the National Gallery in 1876, and the Bode Museum in 1904. If you are able to see one or two museums due to time constraints, let one of them be Pergamon with its spectacular reconstructed buildings of the Middle East. The whole experience is completed by the fact that the museum island is almost completely deprived of traffic.
When the decision was made to move the Federal Government to Berlin, it was time to renovate the Reichstag building after many years of sleep in the Mauerstreifen area , a military zone between the two sides of the wall. The building, meanwhile, has been completely modernized, and today’s visitors can enjoy a magnificent view from the glass dome of the building on the noise and crowds in the city.
The Berlin Television Tower, known to the locals as the Fernsehturm, is recognizable from a distance, standing out on the horizon from its 368m height, making it the tallest building in Berlin . Built in 1960, visitors can enjoy a unique 360 ° panoramic view of the city.
The history of the Berlin Wall began in 1961, when East Germany blocked the eastern part of the city to stop the flood of refugees from east to west. By the time it was demolished in 1989, the four-meter-high wall stretched 155 kilometers and possessed 293 observation towers and 57 bunkers. Today, only a small part of this graffiti-covered monument stands, including a 1.4-kilometer-long section preserved as a gruesome reminder of the animosity of once-divided Europe.
Attractions include the Refugee Museum with exhibits relating to one and a half million people who passed through Berlin as refugees, the Memorial to the Divided City and the Monument to the Victims of Communist Tyranny, the Window of Remembrance , and a visitor center overlooking the remains of the wall.
The German Cathedral (Berliner Dom) with its magnificent domes is an outstanding example of 19th century architecture. The German History Museum and the Museum Island are also close to the cathedral. It is located in the most famous street in Berlin, Unter den Linden, under “Under the Lime”.
The magnificent Charlottenburg Palace is located on the very edge of the city center. The beautiful palace is home to a wonderful collection of porcelain and paintings. It is located in the middle of a picturesque garden right next to the river Spree. If you don’t like walking in the park, you can feed your mind by visiting the Charlottenburg Museum, which is located directly across the street.
The heart of the city center before World War II , and then no man’s land from 1945 until the fall of the wall, the history of Potsdamer Platz is vivid to say the least. Completely changed the look after the fall of the wall in 1989, so now it is dominated by skyscrapers and numerous shops. What’s more, the square is the main place for stars and celebrities, and not only during the film festival.
We know that it is difficult to decide despite so many attractions and limited time, the irony of the choice lies in the fact that with the growing choice it is harder to decide. That is why we have singled out attractions that have left their mark on the history of Berlin, and will surely leave a mark on your memories as well.