How many times have you just hurried a little behind the bus or climbed the stairs to the fourth floor at a faster pace and were out of breath? Even when you reach your destination, your heart beats like crazy and you have the feeling that it will jump out of your chest. Although in most people this heartbeat quickly subsides, there are those in whom the effect of fatigue is prolonged. Diagnosis: arrhythmia.
What is an arrhythmia and why does it occur?
Arrhythmia is the common name for all irregularities in heart rhythm, as well as irregularities in the number of heartbeats . A normal heart rhythm occurs when the heart muscle contracts, that is, it expands and contracts. The natural heart rate, ie the frequency of collection, is about 70 to 75 contractions per minute . Accelerated heart rate is called tachycardia, and slowed bradycardia. However, arrhythmia involves other heart abnormalities, not just those related to the number of beats.
Although not every heartbeat is alarming, one visit to the doctor will solve all your doubts. An unnatural heart rhythm can cause more effort or fatigue, but often the cause of the arrhythmia is a heart disease , such as coronary artery disease, for example.
What are the symptoms of an arrhythmia?
In addition to the familiar and disturbing heartbeat, you can recognize the arrhythmia by shortness of breath and loss of breath. People who suffer from arrhythmia happen to have their lips or even limbs flooded. The throbbing is accompanied by a feeling of trembling from the sternum. They get tired easily, and sometimes a cough occurs. This uncomfortable state of trembling often causes agitation and anxiety , and for many anxiety and fear.
What to do?
The first step in getting rid of arrhythmias is to go to the doctor. Consultations with a cardiologist, blood tests, heart echo, ECG and all other necessary examinations will indicate why the heart rhythm disorder occurs. These examinations are painless and do not represent an additional burden for the patient, and they can determine the cause of arrhythmias very precisely. It should be noted that the arrhythmia is a consequence of a disturbance of electrical impulses in the heart muscle . These disorders can occur due to and after a heart attack, left ventricular aneurysm or mitral valve disease, as well as inflammation of the heart tissue and heart muscle.
However, heart disease will not always be the root of this health problem. Arrhythmia can often be caused by some hormonal disorders such as hyperthyroidism . Therefore, a cardiologist can refer a person with an irregular heart rhythm to examine hormones and hormonal balance in the body. The causes of arrhythmia should also be sought in diseases such as pneumonia, in some metabolic disorders, but also in bad habits. Arrhythmias are often caused by caffeine, nicotine, alcohol and certain medications.
How is arrhythmia treated?
Treatment of arrhythmia, ie establishing a proper heart rhythm is achieved with appropriate therapy. Based on the anamnesis and examination of the organism, the specialist gives his expert assessment, makes a diagnosis and prescribes therapy. It is quite certain that the therapy will determine the cause of the arrhythmia. Thus, in some cases, the arrhythmia is repaired with medication, and somewhere it is necessary to install a pacemaker. An increasingly common invasive method in the treatment of arrhythmia is ablation.
Ablation as a permanent solution
This radiofrequency method reveals the cause of tachycardia, ie arrhythmia. It is often a part of the heart tissue, which is called a muscle bundle. This part of the heart muscle is destroyed during ablation by heating to a temperature of about 50-60 ⁰C. Ablation is performed under local anesthesia, by inserting a special catheter into the heart cavity. The whole procedure takes a maximum of two to three hours . This method has been shown to have a high success rate, ie. that there is a small number of patients who have arrhythmias again after this procedure.
Once a diagnosis is made and therapy is established, you may have to wait a while for the intervention. In that case, in addition to medication, you can control your heart rate or at least control it in several other ways. First of all, learn how to control anxiety that speeds up your heart rate . Avoid unnecessary fatigue, take a break and rest, whether it’s walking through the city or doing household chores.
Instead of cluttering yourself with information and bad news on the Internet, choose a soothing hobby for yourself . Teach your body to do things calmly and slowly. Assess your limits and do not exceed them. This does not mean that you should give up physical activity, on the contrary. Always keep your body moving, but have moderation in everything you do. Reduced intake of stimulants such as tea, coffee or chocolate is also recommended, as they can often cause a fast heartbeat.
Find your cure from nature
The same medical therapy will not be appropriate for everyone who suffers from arrhythmias. Depending on the degree of severity of the arrhythmia, the type of this disease, a general practitioner or a specialist prescribes the correct form of treatment. However, in addition to medication, you will not make a mistake if you improve the condition of your body by consuming certain herbs, which are recommended for such conditions.
As a supplement to the conventional treatment of arrhythmias, herbalists recommend the use of white hawthorn, St. John’s wort, lemon balm, black grouse, oleander and the like. You can opt for tea or capsules, but in any case, in consultation with a doctor, you will surely establish the correct rhythm of your heart with these medicines from nature and already prescribed therapy.
Find your peace
Perhaps the most important lesson that arrhythmia will teach you is caring for your body. Listen to your body. Heart rate often dictates your life rhythm and pace, and vice versa. So, in addition to the already mentioned and recommended slowing down and avoiding effort, it would be wise to provide yourself with peace and daily relaxation . If you are one of the modern meteorologists, warn of general anxiety or depression caused by gloomy weather. Get outside, take a moderate walk in nature. If your anxiety is caused by traffic jams, walk to work to avoid it. If you are doing a stressful job , try to reduce stress to a minimum. Surround yourself with positive people and create a healthy work and living environmentfor myself. Let your heart beat only with happiness, but in the right rhythm!